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Travel - May 10, 2021

Juan Sebastián Elcano



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Transcript

After I was rising up I used to be taught like so many individuals that Ferdinand Magellan was the primary particular person to circumnavigate the Earth.

The issue with this, is that’s it isn’t true. Actually, Magellan by no means circumnavigated the Earth in any respect. 

Who ought to get credit score then? 

Study extra about Juan Sebastián Elcano, and the way he’s nonetheless remembered in the present day, on this episode of All the things In every single place Day by day.

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This episode is sponsored by the Vacationer Workplace of Spain.

Spain has a naval custom which spans centuries. There are a number of destaintions within the nation the place you possibly can discover and find out about its wealthy historical past. 

There may be the The Cartagena Naval Museum, which has exhibitions associated to ship constructing.

The Maritime Museum of Barcelona has an in depth assortment of ships and boats.

The Museo Naval de San Fernando in Cadiz has the historical past of the Spanish Aramada. 

Lastly, maybe biggest of all is the Naval Museum in Madrid. It reveals the historical past of the Spanish Navy for the reason that fifteenth century, as much as the current.

You can begin researching your dream journey to Spain in the present day by visiting Spain.information the place you may get every thing you have to know to plan your Spanish journey.

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As I discussed within the introduction, Ferdinand Magellan is commonly credited with being the primary particular person to circumnavigate the Earth. Nonetheless, this isn’t true. 

I don’t imply this in the identical means that Columbus wasn’t the primary European within the America’s as a result of the Vikings made it to Newfoundland first. 

I imply, Magellan by no means circumnavigated the Earth. Interval.

The Magellan voyage didn’t got down to journey all over the world. The aim of the mission was to discover a western path to the Spice Islands, or what we now name Indonesia

They set out in 1519, solely 27 years after Columbus first landed within the Bahamas in 1492. 

The Magellan voyage actually simply got down to obtain what the Columbus expedition did: to achieve Asia by crusing west. The distinction was that this time, they knew there was an enormous landmass inbetween Europe and Asia, and this time they had been to go round it.

Magellan was Portugese, so many individuals assume that his expedition was sponsored by Portugal, however that wasn’t a case. It was truly a Spanish expedition sponsored by King Charles I. The Spanish wished the western route as a result of Portugal had a monopoly on the japanese route round African and thru the Indian Ocean.

The expedition consisted of 5 ships, with provides to final two full years. The entire crew consisted of 270 males initially, principally Spanish, however with crew from many different international locations. 

The expedition took its toll. The primary ship was misplaced in 1520 in a storm in Argentina. The second ship was deserted in what’s now known as the Straights of Magellen a number of months later. 

The third ship was scuttled Philippines in Might 1521 due to a scarcity of crew, and the fourth was misplaced in Indonesia in December. 

On April 27, 1521, Magellan himself was killed within the Philippines by the natives of the island the place they landed. He was surrounded and killed iwth spears. 

This left the expedition in a quandary. Its chief was useless, over half of the crew had been useless, they usually had been on the opposite aspect of the world. 

They sailed round with none function for about six months, and finally the crew chosen one Juan Sebastián Elcano, a Spaniard, to be the captain of the final remaining, and smallest ship of the fleet, the Victoria

They determined to return hom by way of the westward route and on September 6,1522, the ship arrived in again in Spain, on the identical port they left virtually three years earlier.  The five hundredth anniversary of the completion of the primary circumnavigation will likely be happening subsequent yr. 

Of the 270 unique males which left Spain, solely 18 survived the journey.

The journey was so pricey by way of lives, it will be one other 60 years till Sir Francis Drake performed the second circumnavigation of the Earth.

So, utilizing the conference that the captain of a ship is the one which will get credit score, then Magellean wasn’t the primary particular person to journey across the Earth, it was truly Juan Sebastián Elcano. 

The King of Spain, now identified has Charles V of the Hapsburg Empire, gave Elcano an annual pension, and an addition to his private coat of arms with the Latin motto Primus circumdedisti me which suggests “you encircled me first”.

The story of the Magellean expedition has much more to it than the simplified model I simply offered. 

Nonetheless, that’s simply the beginning of this story. The remainder of which takes place within the current.

Despite the fact that many people grew up not understanding the title of Juan Sebastián Elcano, they definitely know the title in Spain. 

The Spanish Navy constructed a 4 mast crusing ship again in 1928. It is without doubt one of the largest tall ships nonetheless on the earth, and since its development is has sailed over 2,000,000 nautical miles everywhere in the world. It’s the most traveled of the tall ships on the earth. 

The ship has a particular place within the Spanish Navy. For many years, it has been used as a coaching vessel for Spanish officers. Naval officers would spend wherever from six months to a yr on the ship studying life at sea and about navigation.

The title of the ship is the Juan Sebastián Elcano. The coat of arms is a globe with the motto “Primus Circumdedisti Me”, the identical one given to Elcano by Emperor Charles V.

On August 24, 2020, the Juan Sebastián Elcano,  with a crew of 197 women and men, set out on an all over the world journey to copy the voyage which was began by Ferdenand Magellen, and compled by the countryman who’s the ships namesake.

As of the time I’m recording this, the ship is at the moment within the Philippines after having visited Guam, each stops on the unique voyage. 

There may be one different factor about this voyage which is fascinating, and it was one thing which it doesn’t have in frequent with the unique voyage. 

Wine.

Particularly, they’ve two casks of sherry from the González Byass vineyard positioned close to Cadiz near the house port of the ship. 

1000’s of years in the past, wine was once aged on ships. 

The early Roman Pliny the Elder wrote that in “wines shipped over sea … it’s noticed that the impact of the movement on vintages that may stand it’s merely to double their earlier maturity.” 

It turned out the movement of the wine on board a ship might make the wine higher. 

It’s believed that the motion of the ship makes the wine bear a microxygenation course of. It’s the identical factor that occurs on land, solely slower. 

The ship will likely be returning to Cadiz on July 14, 2021. When you occur to be within the space, it is possible for you to to welcome the ship residence because it arrives in port. 

The five hundred liters of wine will then be bottled in a particular run to commemorate the five hundredth anniversary of the Spaniard who truly was the primary particular person to circumnavigate the globe: Juan Sebastián Elcano.



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